Ancient literature online

images-2Ancient literature online; poets and writers, databases, libraries
A guide to ancient texts

See also: Hellenic, Greek Literature  Classical Literature  Latin Literature  Sacred Texts  Manuscripts


Ancient Scripts
The aim of Ancient Scripts is not to replace texts books or instructional web sites. Instead, it is designed to give an introduction to writing systems, which hopefully will tantalize the reader into searching for more information on the web or in books and publications.

Ancient texts, hieroglyphs, cuneiform tablets *

The Art of War, by Sun Tzu.

Writing systems from around the world.

Babylonia and Ancient Near Eastern Texts
Britannica Keyed

Enuma Elish
The Seven Tablets of Creation

Cuneiform *

The Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI) 
represents the efforts of an international group of Assyriologists, museum curators and historians of science to make available through the internet the form and content of cuneiform tablets dating from the beginning of writing, ca. 3350 BC, until the end of the pre-Christian era.

Vorderasiatisches Museum

Hermitage Cuneiform Collection

Ashmolean Museum

Institut Catholique de Paris

Hearst Museum of Anthropology

New York Public Library

Kelsey Museum of Archaeology

Horn Museum

Cornell University Cuneiform Library


Cornell University Kroch Library

Walters Art Museum Cuneiform

Oriental Institute

Iraq Museum

Musées royaux d’Art et d’Histoire

USC Archaeological Collection

Demotic Texts on the World Wide Web
Legal and administrative texts, religious texts, letters, non-literary yexts, literature, unidentified texts. A guide to internet resources on papyri, Egyptian, Greek, Greco-Roman texts.

Internet Classics Archive, MIT. Greek, Roman and Oriental texts.

Linear B, 
Wikipedia entry.

Papyri *

Papyrus of Ani; The Egyptian Book of the Dead,
translated by E.A. Wallis Budge.

Oxyrhynchus papyri

Oxyrhynchus Papyri, Wikipedia entry.

Oxford University: Oxyrhynchus Papyri Project

Oxyrhynchus Online

Table of Contents

The Duke Databank of Documentary Papyri

The Oxyrhynchus papyri
edited with translations and notes by Bernard P. Grenfell and Arthur S. Hunt.

The front side (recto) of Papyrus 1, a New Tes...
The front side (recto) of Papyrus 1, a New Testament manuscript of the Gospel of Matthew. Most likely originated in Egypt. Also part of the Oxyrhynchus Papyri (P. oxy. 2) Currently housed in: (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Sacred Texts
A collection of scared texts in etext format.

Scripts, writing systems.
Wikipedia entries.
Online database of ancient manuscripts.

Writing systems.
Wikipedia entries.

Arabic literature,
Wikipedia entry.

British Museum Collections Database. Search.


The Egyptian Book of the Dead. Papyri


Greek and Latin. Textkit
Learn Greek and Latin.Textkit is the Internet’s largest provider of free and fully downloadable Greek and Latin grammars and readers. With currently 146 free books to choose from, Greek and Latin learners have downloaded 384,641 grammars, readers and classical e-books.


Hindu literature *

Hindi literature, 
Wikipedia entry.

Sacred-Texts: Hinduism

Clay Sanskrit Library – The Bhaktivedanta Book Trust
Bhagavad-gita online and other texts.

Hindu Poets
A collection of Hindu Poetry

Internet Classics Archive
Online classical literary texts.


Judaic literature *

Judaic sacred texts.

Sacred Judaic texts online:



Tanakh (Hebrew Bible)

The Sefer Yezirah. “The Book of Creation”

Scholem, Gershom. Gershom Scholem tra Sionismo e Kabbalà (in Italian).


Latin texts *

See also: Classical Literature 

Latin Literature


Persian literature *

Persian Literature

The Packard Humanities Institute: Persian Texts in Translation

The history of Persian literature.

Fal e Hafez
Complete database of Hafez poems and Fals.

The Persian Language

National Committee for the Expansion of the Persian Language and Literature

Persian literature, 
Wikipedia entry.


Religious Literature, sacred texts, a guide to websites.


Sanskrit *

GRETIL: Göttingen Register of Electronic Texts in Indian Languages
A cumulative register of numerous download sites for electronic texts in Indian languages.

Sanskrit Wikibooks

TITUS Indica

Sanskrit Literature
Vaishnava literatures with word for word translations from Sanskrit to English.

The Clay Sanskrit Library
Publisher of classical Indian literature with facing-page texts and translations.

Sanskrit Documents Collection

Sanskrit literature,
Wikipedia entry.

Scripts *


Writing systems. 
Wikipedia entries.


Universities *

University of London Institute of Classical Studies
Information and links to other Classics sites.

University of Oxford Department of Classics



University College Dublin

Yale University Department of Classics

Harvard University Department of the Classics

Indiana University, Bloomington, Department of Classical Studies

University of Berkeley Department of Classics

University of Chicago Department of Classics

Columbia University Department of Classics

Cornell University Classics Department


Writing systems.
Wikipedia entries.

Classical Roman Authors *

See also: Classical Literature

Apuleius. The Golden Ass, by Apuleius. 
A profile and background.

Cupid and Psyche, 
a Wikipedia entry.

Horace. The Odes

Ovid. The Metamorphosis

Petronius. The Satyricon

Vergil. The Vergil Project

Vergil. The Anaeid